Barberry is a shrub with a thorny stem that reaches a height of 4 meters. The wood of this tree is brown, red or yellow. Its leaves are oval with serrated teeth and its flowers are clustered and yellow. The branches of barberry have many razors.
Barberry fruit is red, fleshy, oval and has a sour taste. The part used in this plant is the root, root and stem bark, leaves, flowers and fruit. The end of spring and the beginning of summer is the flowering season of the barberry plant. It is yellow in color and turns cherry red in autumn. Barberry is native to temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America.
Iran is the largest producer of barberry in the world, among which Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, with nearly 97% of the land under cultivation of this crop, produces 95% of the world’s barberry.